City of Toronto,
ON, CA

TGS Tier 1 (Mandatory):

Toronto Green Standard Tier 1 Ecology Guidelines

- EC: 4.1 Bird Friendly Glazing: treat a minimum of 85% of all exterior glazing within the first 16 meters of the building above grade, using a combination of the following strategies: visual markers with a maximum spacing of 100 mm x 100 mm, muted reflections, and low reflective, opaque materials.

- EC5.1 Exterior Lighting (Mandatory): Fixtures compliant with Dark Sky lighting.

 

TGS Tier 2 (Voluntary):

- EC 4.4 Enhanced Bird-Friendly Glazing: A combination of several strategies may be used to treat 95% or more of all exterior glazing that lies within the first 16 meters of the building above grade. A combination of the following strategies may be used:

  • Visual markers with a maximum of 50 mm X 50 mm spacing pattern.

  • Opaque and low reflective materials.

  • Integrated building structures to minimize surface reflections on glass.

- EC4.5 Opaque Building Materials: To further reduce bird collisions, cover at least 50% of the building’s exterior using non-reflective / opaque material.

Bird-Friendly Best- Practices (Voluntary) 

  • A supplementary document to the TGS, Toronto’s Best-Practices manual outlines strategies, and answer questions, that pertain to building development and bird collisions.  
Group 245@2x-1
Canada

Canada

National

- CSA A460:19 Bird Friendly Design Standard

Provincial

Ontario

Municipal

ONTARIO

-Markham

-Toronto

ALBERTA

-Calgary

BRITISH COLUMBIA

- Vancouver

United States

United States

National

The Bird-Safe Buildings Act (2019)

Pilot Credit 55, LEED v4.1 Bird Collision Deterrence

State

MINNESOTA

- B3 Tools and Programs

- Bird-Safe Building Guidelines

CALIFORNIA

- Green Building Standards Code

ILLINOIS

- Bird-Safe State Buildings Bill HB0247

MARYLAND

- Senate Bill 314: Maryland Sustainable Buildings Act of 2019

NEW YORK

- The Bird-Friendly Buildings Act Bill S4204A